Colossal Statue of Ramesses II, 1942This piece…

Colossal Statue of Ramesses II, 1942

This piece was found in 1820 by an Italian traveler Giovanni Battista Caviglia. The Colossus of Ramesses II is an enormous statue carved in limestone. It is about 10m (33.8 ft) long, even though it has no feet, and is located near the village of Mit Rahina (Memphis).

A small museum has been built to house this magnificent piece. The fallen colossus was found near the south gate of the temple of Ptah, located about 30m from the huge limestone statue of Ramesses II. Some of the original colors are still partly preserved.

Photograph by Major Wilfred Herbert James Sale. National Army Museum, London.

Mummy of Merneptah

Mummy of Merneptah

King Merneptah was originally buried within tomb (KV8) in the Valley of the Kings, but his mummy was not found there. In 1898 it was located along with eighteen other mummies in the mummy cache found in the tomb of Amenhotep II (KV35) by Victor Loret. The skin of the mummy became unusually brighter, mainly due to the salt that was heavily used in the mummification process.

The pharaoh apparently suffered from dental problems and fractures in his thighbones. In their search for gold, the tomb-robbers split the mummy’s right clavicle and injured the left shoulder, possibly by using a knife or an axe to cut a hole through the body. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 34562

The Mummy of Ramesses IV

The Mummy of Ramesses IV

Ramesses IV was the eldest son of Ramesses III. He succeeded his father after having saved the throne from his father’s murders and punished the conspirators but he is considered to have been the first of a series of increasingly weak rulers. Originally, he was buried in tomb (KV2) in the Valley of the Kings, but he was reburied in the tomb of Amenhotep II; his mummy was clumsily rewrapped and labeled by later priests.

The king’s eyes were replaced by artificial ones made of small onions, a unique case in mummification. In addition, each nostril was covered with the skin of an onion; it is possible that onions were used for their well-known antiseptic qualities.

New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, Ramesside Period, reign of Ramesses IV, ca. 1155-1149 BC. Now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. JE 34567

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