Statue of the God Montu
Seated statue of the warrior god Montu, lord of Medamud, depicted with a bull’s head, made of limestone. Ptolemaic Period, ca. 305-30 BC. Now in the Louvre. E 12922
Cleopatra VII Philopator
For the modern era, she is the definitive Egyptian queen, although she was descended from the Macedonians who ruled Egypt from the time of Alexander the Great. Black basalt, 146 cm tall. Ptolemaic Period, 1st century BC. Photograph: Hermitage Museum/Grimaldi Forum
Ptolemy I portrayed as pharaoh of Egypt, late 300s BCE. After Alexander the Great died without having named a successor, his empire quickly fell apart as his generals fought a long and bloody civil war for dominance. One of these generals, Ptolemy, stole Alexander’s body and brought it to his base in Egypt, using it as a sign that Ptolemy was the rightful heir to Alexander. Ptolemy was unsuccessful in expanding his power very far beyond Egypt, but he did establish a Greek dynasty of pharaohs that would last until Cleopatra died in 30 BCE. As the artwork demonstrates, this Greek ruling dynasty went to great lengths to present themselves as traditional Egyptian leaders.
It is the mummy of a man about 1.65 meter tall, who lived during the Ptolemaic period. We call him the mummy of Pacheri, although the reading of the name remains problematic. The quality of its embalming, as well as the state of conservation make it a specimen noticeable and worthy of notice.
The mummy is a perfect example for anyone wanting to understand the technique of embalming, and that is probably why it attracts such fascination from visitors. What adds to the charm of this mummy, is also its location in the museum. Indeed, located in a small niche at the back of the large sarcophagi room, at the top of the so-called Osiris crypt, the mummy is only visible in a certain dim light and remains well hidden, isolated from other artifacts, as if rest was a necessity for it in such a busy museum.
Numerous tourists, therefore, unaware of its proximity, asked where it is located. In room fifteen. Pacheri is very much unique. Its conservation and display at the Louvre make him an uncontested star of the Egyptian collections in France.